Запад обвиняет Уханьский коронавирус в любви Китая к поеданию диких животных. Правда сложнее


It became as soon as no secret to anyone in Wuhan thatHuanan Seafood Marketbought plenty bigger than its title suggested. Whereas one facet of the low-slung warren of stalls did primarily stock fish and shellfish, the varied provided a cornucopia of spices, sundries and, if you happen to knew the set up to study, beavers, porcupines and snakes.

“It became as soon as effectively-acknowledged for selling heaps of irregular, reside animals,” says James, an English trainer who for five years lived a pair of hundred feet from the market, and who asks TIME to most efficient employ one title as a consequence of the sensitively of the topic. “So no one became as soon as considerably bowled over in any admire when it emerged that the virus would possibly perchance maintain reach from an odd animal.”

Scientists maintain confirmed that the pneumonia-like illness, like around 70% of fresh human pathogens, became as soon as zoonotic or transmitted from an animal. But they’re aloof investigating exactly what creature also can very effectively be the provision of the “unique coronavirus”—dubbed 2019-nCoV and belonging to the identical family as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Heart East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

As Wuhan coronavirus infection rates soar to bigger than 830 of us all over bigger than half a dozen international locations—inflicting 26 deaths and leading to the unparalleled lockdown of13 Chinese language cities comprising bigger than 30 million of us—researchers are examining China’s penchant for ingesting wild animals and whether that now not immediately played a job within the outbreak.

Participants of workers of the Wuhan Hygiene Emergency Response Crew pressure their automobile as they leave the closed Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market within the metropolis of Wuhan, in Hubei, Province on January 11, 2020, the set up the Wuhan health price acknowledged that the man who died from a respiratory sickness had purchased goods.

Noel Celis–AFP/Getty

The 2002-2003 SARS pandemic became as soon as now not immediately traced to civet cats bought in a identical form of wet market in southern Guandong province, and a few foreign tabloids are circulating unsubstantiated claims that the Wuhan coronavirus originated from all the pieces frombat soupto eatingrats and reside wolf pups.

It’s surely true that many Chinese language are obsessive about freshness. Even dinky supermarkets time and all as soon as more maintain fish tanks the set up shoppers can steal reside seafood. (This reporter became as soon as as soon as served slices of sashimi aloof hooked as much as thecarcass of a gasping fish.) Eating wild animals is also opinion to be a luxurious thanks to their rarity and value, mighty like sport is within the West. Some practitioners of Dilapidated Chinese language Treatment also factor in thateating odd creaturescan cure obvious diseases and enhance “male potency.”

“That is exact allotment of Chinese language culture,” says Yanzhong Huang, a public heath knowledgeable on the Council for International Kinfolk. “They like to eat anything else alive.”

Wild animals are, in spite of all the pieces, particularly problematic on memoir of their unlit provenience makes it complicated to be obvious they’re free of illness. For this very motive, health campaigns in Africa warn of us in opposition to the consumption of “bush meat,” which has been linked to the unfold of countless ailments, including HIV/Aids.

On the opposite hand, Adam Kamradt-Scott, associate professor specializing in world health security on the University of Sydney, says this form of pondering is on the total inaccurate. Whereas scientists first opinion that Ebola started with theconsumption of bat meatin a village of south-jap Guinea, they now factor in that the two-year-archaic girl acknowledged as Little one Zero became as soon as doubtless infected viabat droppingsthat circulation an object she set up in her mouth. MERS became as soon as also primarily unfold from reside camels to people thru association, in arrangement of the eating of camel meat.

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“It’s now not simply a matter of the consumption of wierd animals per se,” says Kamradt-Scott. “So we must aloof be mindful of deciding on on or condemning cultural practices.”

In a roundabout intention, despite the indisputable fact that, experts sing that it’s tough to downplay the problematic nature of “wet markets” (so named thanks to the shapely quantities of water extinct to slosh the floors), particularly those that also promote reside animals. A mixture of urine, feces and diverse bodily fluids from reside, wild creatures finally ends up mixing with blood from butchered animals, providing ideally suited alternatives for viruses and micro organism to thrive.

Says Huang: “So long as there are aloof wet markets, we will have the chance to continue to study these outbreaks stoning up.”

Write toCharlie Campbell atcharlie.campbell@time.com.

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