‘Опасно:’ Во всем мире полицейские удушающие устройства подвергаются тщательному анализу


LE PECQ, France — Three days afterGeorge Floyd diedwith a Minneapolis police officer choking off his air, but any other shadowy man writhed on the tarmac of a boulevard in Paris as a police officer knelt on his neck for the length of an arrest.

Immobilization ways the place officers practice stress with their knees on inclined suspects are light in policing spherical the area and have lengthy drawn criticism. One reason Floyd’s death is sparking exasperate andtouching nerves globallyis that such ways were blamed for asphyxiations and other deaths in police custody past American shores, veritably animated non-white suspects.

“We can no longer verbalize that the American wretchedness is foreign to us,” stated French lawmaker Francois Ruffin, who has pushed fora ban on the police exercise of face-down holdswhich would be implicated in a pair of deaths in France, a parliamentary effort keep on withhold by the coronavirus pandemic.

Themuscular arrest on Could well honest 28 in Parisof a shadowy man who became momentarily immobilized face-up with an officer’s knee and greater shin pressing down on his jaw, neck and greater chest is amongst those that have drawn mad comparisons with the killing of Floyd on Could well honest 25 in Minneapolis.

The Paris arrest became filmed by bystanders and broadly shared and viewed online. Police stated the man became driving under the affect of medication and alcohol and and not using a license and that he resisted arrest and insulted officers. His case became turned over to prosecutors.

In Hong Kong, the place police habits is a scorching-button disaster after months of anti-government protests, the metropolis’s force says it is miles investigating the death of a man who became immobilized face-down for the length of his arrest in Could well honest by officerswho were filmedkneeling on his shoulder, support and neck.

Police principles and procedures on chokeholds and restraints differ internationally.

In Belgium, police teacher Stany Durieux says he reprimands trainees, docking them points, “whenever I scrutinize a knee utilized to the spinal column.”

“Furthermore it is miles forbidden to lean on a suspect entirely, as this may perhaps crush his rib cage and suffocate him,” he stated.

Condemned bypolice and consultants in the US, Floyd’s death also drew criticism from officers in but any other country who disassociated themselves from the habits of Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin. He became charged with third-stage murder after he became filmed pushing down with his knee on Floyd’s neck till Floyd stopped crying out that he couldn’t breathe and in the discontinuance stopped exciting.

In Israel, police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld stated “there is no such thing as a tactic or protocol that calls to keep stress on the neck or airway.”

In Germany, officers are allowed to rapidly exert stress on the facet of a suspect’s head nonetheless no longer on the neck, says Germany‘s GdP police union.

Within the U.K., the College of Policing says inclined suspects needs to be positioned on their facet or in a sitting, kneeling or standing space “as soon as practicable.” Guidance on the web online page of London’s police forcediscourages the exercise of neck restraints, announcing “any manufacture of stress to the neck space will be extremely dangerous.”

Even inner international locations, procedures can differ.

The thick Patrol Information, hundreds of pages lengthy, for the Recent York Police Division says in fearless capitals that officers “SHALL NOT” exercise chokeholds and may perhaps well perhaps “stay away from actions which can well perhaps stay up in chest compression, reminiscent of sitting, kneeling, or standing on a subject’s chest or support, thereby decreasing the subject’s capacity to breathe.”

Nonetheless the so-known as “sleeper withhold,” the place stress is utilized to the neck with an arm, blocking off blood waft, became allowed for police in San Diego earlier thanFloyd’s death triggered a shift. Police Chief David Nisleit stated he would this week instruct an stay to the tactic.

Gendarmes in France are depressed from pressing down on the chests and a must-have organs of inclined suspects and do not appear to be any longer taught to practice stress to the neck, stated Col. Laurent De La Follye de Joux, head of practicing for the force.

“You don’t must be a doctor to treasure that it is miles dangerous,” he stated.

Nonetheless instructions for the Nationwide Police, the opposite important laws and instruct force in France, appear to present its officers extra leeway. Issued in 2015, they are saying stress on a inclined suspect’s chest “needs to be as rapid as that it is possible you’ll well perhaps perhaps also factor in.”

Christophe Rouget, a police union legit who briefed lawmakers for their deliberations in March about the proposal to ban suffocating ways, stated if officers don’t blueprint pistols or exercise stun-weapons then immobilizing folks face-down is the safest possibility, stopping suspects from kicking out at racy officers.

“We don’t have 5,000 solutions,” he stated. “These ways are light by your total police on this planet on account of they signify the least amount of danger. The single thing is that they must be effectively light. Within the US, we seen that it wasn’t effectively light, with stress utilized in the execrable space and for too lengthy.”

He added that the “proper drawl” in France is that officers don’t derive sufficient apply-up practicing after being taught restraints in police college.

“You may perhaps well repeat them veritably to attain them effectively,” he stated.

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