A glance at events leading up to the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 and Germany‘s subsequent reunification.
Jan. 19, 1989: East German leader Erich Honecker says the Berlin Wall “will still exist in 50 and even in 100 years, if the reasons for it are not overcome.”
Feb. 5: 20-year-old Chris Gueffroy is fatally shot while trying to cross the border in Berlin. He is the last person to be killed at the Wall.
May 2: Hungarian border guards begin removing border fortifications and barbed wire at the country’s frontier with Austria, the first chink in the Iron Curtain that separated Europe’s east and west.
Aug. 19: Hundreds of East Germans take advantage of a “Pan-European Picnic” organized by Hungarian opposition members near the Austrian border to escape to the West.
Sept. 4: The first of what become weekly Monday demonstrations for freedom of assembly and travel is held in Leipzig.
Sept. 11: Hungary allows East Germans to cross its border to Austria, opening the way to the West for tens of thousands.
Sept. 12: Tadeusz Mazowiecki becomes Poland’s first non-communist prime minister since World War II.
Sept. 30: Nearly 6,000 East Germans holed up at the West German embassy in Prague are allowed to leave for the West.
Oct. 3: East Germany halts visa-free travel to Czechoslovakia to stem an exodus of its citizens.
Oct. 7: East Germany celebrates its 40th birthday and visiting Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev urges its leadership to reform. Authorities clamp down on protesters.
Oct. 18: Honecker is removed as East German leader after 18 years in power, replaced by Egon Krenz.
Nov. 4: Some 500,000 people gather in East Berlin’s central Alexanderplatz for the country’s biggest pro-democracy protest.
Nov. 9: East Germany opens its heavily fortified border after 28 years. Over the subsequent weeks and months, people chip away at the barrier.
Dec. 3: Krenz and the East German politburo resign. Krenz resigns as the country’s leader three days later, leaving moderate communist Hans Modrow in charge of East Germany.
Dec. 22: A new border crossing opens at the Brandenburg Gate, the symbol of Germany’s Cold War division.
March 18, 1990: East Germany’s first democratic election. Center-right candidate Lothar de Maiziere becomes prime minister.
Oct. 3: Germany is reunited after four decades of Cold War division.
Follow AP’s full coverage of the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall at https://www.apnews.com/FalloftheBerlinWall